Pick a good spot. A vertical garden, like any other type of garden, needs to be planted in an area with good soil drainage and the right combination of shade and sunlight. Figure out what conditions the plants you’re growing need to thrive, and then choose a suitable area in your yard or on your patio.
Stabilize structure If you’re using a trellis, a stake or a pole, be sure to bury it deep in the ground so that it doesn’t wobble or fall over. Remember that the garden will get heavier as it grows, and it will need a solid foundation that can stand up to wind and rain.
Plant around the Base of the structure. Taking into account the individual needs of the plants you are using, plant seeds or seedlings in holes spaced around the base of the trellis, pole or other structure you are using. Make sure they aren’t too close to each other or the structure so that they’ll have room to root and grow.
Care for your plants according to their needs. Make sure they get adequate water and that you fertilize them, protect them with mulch, and take other measure they need to grow healthy.
Train the plants When the seedlings get a few inches high, it’s time to train them to wrap around the structure you erected. Gently wrap the stems of the plants around the base of the structure, taking care not to bend or break them. Use ties to hold the stems in place as they grow.
Don’t tie the stems too tightly. This prevents them from growing properly and may actually damage the plant.
As the stems begin to grow and wind around the structure, continue using ties to train them to grow in the direction you want them to grow.
Gravity Fed Irrigation System
One of the most common ways to irrigate a vertical garden is by the use of a gravity fed drip irrigation system. This is where a conventional drip irrigation system is installed at the top of the vertical garden. Water is released and it drips onto the top row of plants. As these plants are sufficiently watered, the water continues down through the effect of gravity, until the entire garden is watered. The excess water is collected at the bottom of the garden and is drained away. Alternatively, a pump can be installed to recycle the water.
Comprehensive Drip Irrigation System
If your plants require a lot of water regularly, you may want to install something a bit more comprehensive than a standard gravity fed drip irrigation system. In this case, you can choose to install drip irrigation lines on ever y row of your vertical garden, ensuring that each and every plant gets plenty of water. As with gravity fed drip irrigation, the excess water is caught at the bottom of the garden using a tray that drains it away or allows it to be recycled.