Garden

What to plant and harvest in the winter vegetable gardens

What to plant and harvest in the winter vegetable garden

You might be ready for a break from your flower beds once winter arrives, but why not grow some delicious edibles while the rest of your garden is snoring? It doesn’t take much work or much space, it’s a lot more interesting than pruning roses, and the rewards are great. Chances are pretty good that you have room in your garden to tuck in a few Swiss chard starts or leafy braising greens. These types of edibles remind us that in our gentle climate we can have beauty – and food – in our gardens year round.

 

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Kale is an easy winter crop.

There are plenty of edibles that you can plant in winter vegetable gardens, including garlic, leeks, onions, radishes, lettuce, peas, potatoes, chard, spinach, rhubarb, and other leafy greens such as bok choy and kale. If you’ve already planted these yummy treats, then you can harvest them straight through winter. If you’re looking do a little wintertime planting, here are some tips.

Garlic – Set out nursery-purchased bulbs (separated but unpeeled) four inches apart. Don’t water them in. It’s best to wait until shoots poke up before watering for the first time. Better yet, let the rain water them for you. Garlic takes up very little room and needs little attention.

Leeks – Nursery starts are inexpensive and plentiful. They can be harvested throughout the year and are unfazed by our mild winters.

Onions – This is where your well-amended soil is important. Onions love rich soil – not too sandy or clayey. And they like regular water. You can sow onion seeds, but it’s easier to buy bulbs (called “sets”) from a nursery or online source. Don’t try to plant grocery store onions because it’s unlikely to work. The best time to plant onion sets is January and February. (For green onions, or scallions, pull up the plants when they are about six weeks old.)

Radishes – Forget about those starchy red rocks called radishes at the grocery store. Search online to discover a long list of gorgeous radish seeds including French Breakfast, White Icicle and Pink Beauties. Easter Eggs is a particularly beautiful variety that produces radishes of varying purples, pinks and whites. Radishes grow easily and quickly, with some small-rooted varieties ready in a month or less from the day of seeding.

Lettuce – Like onions, lettuce appreciates fertile soil and regular water. Some are more suitable for warmer months, some for cooler. There are dozens of varieties, including heirloom and redleaf. Mesclun – a combination of several lettuces such as arugula, chervil, chicory and cress – grows beautifully in our climate. Sow seeds in January or February or check your local nursery for starts.

Peas – November and February are the best months to plant peas. Poke shelling or snap pea seeds an inch or two deep directly into rich soil and give them something tall to climb up and wind their tendrils around. Pea shoots are delicacies for birds, so you may need to cover your sprouts with a floating row cover or anything that keeps birds at bay but that lets sunshine and rain in.

Potatoes – Like peas, a good time to plant potatoes is in February, with the satisfying potato harvest around three months later. Potatoes are a joy to harvest for adults and kids alike. Depending on the variety, potatoes are usually grown from pieces of tubers that have at least one eye or from whole small tubers.

Swiss chard and other greens – Swiss chard is like an exclamation point in the winter vegetable garden, lighting up beds with bright pink, yellow and red stalks. It’s one of the easiest greens to grow either from seed or from starts, and it grows all year. Other greens, such as spinach, kale and bok choy, are also easy. These greens can be used for salads or can be braised in stir-fries or thrown into soups. Most greens relish cool temperatures and go to seed in warm weather. Give them rich soil, keep them cool and you’ll be rewarded with fresh salad greens throughout the year.

By Marie Narlock

Vertical Gardening – Terrain Design Style

Vertical Gardening – Terrain Design Style

   Would you like a dramatic look in a small space? No matter how small your property is you can develop a Green Thumb by building a Vertical Garden. Vertical gardening is the way to go.If you have a blank wall or an area that you feel needs that little something tries growing a vertical garden. You can grow annuals, perennials or even edibles.Vertical gardening is one of the newest gardening trends. Using this type of gardening, it can draw attention to or disguise areas that you would like to. Vertical gardens can be as simple or as elaborate as you would like. Reasons for growing a Vertical Garden:

  • Save space: You can grow and harvest many other vegetables in the space that would otherwise be lost.
  • Easier to Harvest: Many of the vegetables will be easier to reach when harvesting.
  • Better Air Circulation around Plants: Provides ideal growing conditions for healthy plants. 
  • Keeps Vegetables off the Ground: Prevents mold, soil-borne disease, crawling insects or pests from reaching leaves or fruit.

 

   Below you will find some ideas of vertical gardens from simple to more elaborate. You are only limited by your imagination.

 
  • Simple Trellis Simple Trellis
  • Wall Using Plastic Bottles Wall Using Plastic Bottles Planted with a variety of herbs, such as chives, oregano, rosemary and parsley
  • Wire On A wooden Frame Wire On A wooden Frame Perfect way to grow squash/zucchini, cucumbers, peas or even pole beans
  • Pallet Mounted On A Fence Pallet Mounted On A Fence For example potted pansies and petunias

   Arbors and trellises are great structures for vertical gardening. You can use vertical gardens as privacy screens in small spaces. You are really only limited by your creativity and imagination as far as items that can be used, but keep in mind the type of plants that you are using, the heavier ones will need to have a sturdier base. A post in the ground, wrought iron gate, anything that adds height can be used for plants to grow on. Vegetables and fruits that are easily grown in a vertical garden are:

  • Pole Climbing Beans
  • Cucumbers
  • Grapes
  • Cherry Tomatoes
  • Peas
  • Strawberries are also an excellent choice for vertical gardening.

 

 

Just remember to keep in mind you may need heavier structures depending on what you are growing. When planting a vegetable garden keep in mind that they need at least 4 hours of sunlight a day.

Plant herbs such as oregano and thyme towards the top and use the lower spaces for vegetables such as lettuce or tomatoes.

Flowers are another really wonderful thing to grow vertically, they turn an ordinary wall

In to a living wall and can also work well as privacy screens.

Suggestions for this type of growing are:

 

  • Trumpet Honeysuckle
  • Cross vine
  • Wisteria
  • Lady Banks Roses

 

 Coverd Arbor

Arbor covered in floral blooms make a perfect entrance for a garden

Pick a good spot. A vertical garden, like any other type of garden, needs to be planted in an area with good soil drainage and the right combination of shade and sunlight. Figure out what conditions the plants you’re growing need to thrive, and then choose a suitable area in your yard or on your patio.

  • Most vertical gardens do well with a lot of sunlight.

  • Pick a spot close to a wall if you want your garden to eventually climb the walls of your house.

Stabilize structure  If you’re using a trellis, a stake or a pole, be sure to bury it deep in the ground so that it doesn’t wobble or fall over. Remember that the garden will get heavier as it grows, and it will need a solid foundation that can stand up to wind and rain.

Plant around the Base of the structure. Taking into account the individual needs of the plants you are using, plant seeds or seedlings in holes spaced around the base of the trellis, pole or other structure you are using. Make sure they aren’t too close to each other or the structure so that they’ll have room to root and grow.

Care for your plants according to their needs. Make sure they get adequate water and that you fertilize them, protect them with mulch, and take other measure they need to grow healthy.
Train the plants When the seedlings get a few inches high, it’s time to train them to wrap around the structure you erected. Gently wrap the stems of the plants around the base of the structure, taking care not to bend or break them. Use ties to hold the stems in place as they grow.

  • Don’t tie the stems too tightly. This prevents them from growing properly and may actually damage the plant.

  • As the stems begin to grow and wind around the structure, continue using ties to train them to grow in the direction you want them to grow.

Gravity Fed Irrigation System

One of the most common ways to irrigate a vertical garden is by the use of a gravity fed drip irrigation system.  This is where a conventional drip irrigation system is installed at the top of the vertical garden.  Water is released and it drips onto the top row of plants.  As these plants are sufficiently watered, the water continues down through the effect of gravity, until the entire garden is watered.  The excess water is collected at the bottom of the garden and is drained away. Alternatively, a pump can be installed to recycle the water.

Comprehensive Drip Irrigation System

If your plants require a lot of water regularly, you may want to install something a bit more comprehensive than a standard gravity fed drip irrigation system.  In this case, you can choose to install drip irrigation lines on ever y row of your vertical garden, ensuring that each and every plant gets plenty of water.  As with gravity fed drip irrigation, the excess water is caught at the bottom of the garden using a tray that drains it away or allows it to be recycled.

Hosta

Hosta

Want to brighten up a shady spot? Think about planting a Hosta. Besides the wonderful
foliage, many Hostas produce fragrant flowers from early summer to fall. Hosta can be planted in early spring. A Hosta can bloom anytime between June to October. The blooms can be funnel or bell shaped and the flowers are purple, white or white with a fine lavender stripe.Hosta

   Hostas are known for their attractive foliage. Their foliage colors include green, blue, white, gold and countless variegated combinations. With this range of colors you will find a Hosta for almost every landscape situation from containers to background planting. Hostas are plants that have much success even for the beginner gardener. There are many varieties of Hostas. Below are a few examples of the different types that are available. Once a Hosta is planted it requires very little attention. Just finding the right location is crucial for the success of growing a Hosta. Hostas are adaptable and a hardy plant and are great choices for container planting. Hostas come in all sizes with the miniature measuring only a few inches across, while the largest ones can measure 6 to 8 feet across.
 
  • Minature Minature Baby Booties
  • Minature Minature Blue Mouse Ears
  • Blue Foliage Blue Foliage Artic Blast
  • Blue Foliage Blue Foliage Azure Waves
  • Gold Foliage Gold Foliage Beet Salad
  • Gold Foliage Gold Foliage Cheatin Heart
  • Fragrant Hosta Fragrant Hosta Austin Dickinson
  • Fragrant Hosta Fragrant Hosta Blue Flame

     
   Hostas are shade tolerant, not shade loving. They will survive in full shade but do best in areas where they receive morning sun and are shaded during the hot afternoon. Till the soil to loosen it to a depth of 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 cm). Amend the soil with compost, humus or sand if needed. Hostas prefer loose, well-drained soil. Varieties of Hostas that grow fast produce shorter plants. These have a wide-spreading shallow root network and work well as ground cover. Place these plants closer together and allow them to fill in and prevent weed growth.
Varieties that grow at least 12 inches tall (30 cm) and have more horizontal than vertical growth can be spaced closer together and used as border or edging plants. These types of Hostas are also commonly used around the base of trees. After Hosta plants are established, they don’t need much weeding. Use cocoa mulch or pine straw to mulch around Hostas. These products have the added benefit of also repelling slugs, the biggest pest problem that affects Hostas. Avoid using shredded leaves or other plant matter as mulch, because those products attract slugs.
Keep the layer of mulch to 2 inches (5 cm) thick or less. Over-mulching around Hostas encourages voles (field mice) that tunnel through the mulch and eat the Hosta leaves.
These large-leaved plants have a high water transpiration rate, so they require plenty of water. Although they can withstand drought, Hostas do best if given 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 cm) of water weekly. For best results water the plants every 2 to 4 days.

Dividing a Hosta

You can divide Hostas at any time; but if you live in an area with harsh winters, it is best to divide and transplant your Hostas in the spring so they are well established before the first frost.
Dig the Hosta plant out of the ground and lay it on the surface of the soil.
Use a sharp shovel or knife to cut the plant into 2 or 3 pieces. Make sure there is at least one stem growth point (or eye) on each new plant.
Put one piece of the plant back in the original hole and transplant the other pieces to new spots.
Hostas can be paired with a variety of other plants for an exceptional look in your garden.
When planting a Hosta think about using perennials such as snow drops, tulips and daffodils. Annuals that work well with Hostas are Impatiens, Begonias and Coleus. Even fern such as Maidenhair and Japanese Painted Fern, work well in the same area. Using these suggestions you will be creating a beautiful look in your garden.

 
  • Hostas Outdoors Hostas Outdoors Planted with daffodils
  • Hostas Outdoors Hostas Outdoors Planted containers
  • Hostas Outdoors Hostas Outdoors Planted containers
  • Hostas Outdoors Hostas Outdoors Placed in a row to create an attractive look for your yard

     
   Not only do Hosta plants make for a wonderfully attractive garden outside, cut they can be used to decorate vases as you can see in the photo below, also added to floral arrangements or just an arrangement made of only Hosta leaves is simple but stunning.
 
  • Hosta in arrangements Hosta in arrangements Leaves inside a vase
  • Hosta in arrangements Hosta in arrangements Simple arrangement with Hosta leaves
  • Hosta in arrangements Hosta in arrangements Using Hosta leaves in floral arrangement

     
   Wherever you decide to plant your Hosta in a bare spot that just needs that extra something, in a shady spot, or even in a container that would make a wonderful accent to a shady patio or porch. Their lush greenery will add a feeling of serenity to your yard.

Create a container garden

Create a container garden Container gardening is one of the easiest ways to enjoy the growing season. It is the practice of growing plants in containers instead of in the ground. This is really the perfect way to have a garden when your space is limited. Container gardening is a great way to show off your green thumb. Gardens can be entirely in containers or just have a few carefully placed planters. They add interest and can really give a stamp of originality to your garden. This is a great way to express your creativity and can make a truly one of a kind and special gift too.Container gardens are the perfect place to experiment and have fun. . Use whatever plants you like. Mix in perennials, shrubs, houseplants, vegetables and herbs. Container plants also add versatility to gardens large and small. They can lend instant color and character along with providing a focal point in the garden. It is an easy way to tie in the architecture of the home to the garden. There is no need to spend a lot of money on containers. This is the time to be creative. Look around your house or go to Flea Markets or even your local thrift store to find interesting items that will make a unique statement in your yard. Containers are fun to choose, to have that creative look in your yard. Hanging baskets, old boots, wagons, wheelbarrows, old galvanized tubs, pans all make for an imaginative container garden. To give your space an even more dramatic look, add plant stands of different materials for your containers to sit on.  

Below are a few ideas of what you can plant to make attractive container gardens

  • Using white or light colored florals in your container brightens up a dark area.
  • Adding the same type of flower used multiple times makes for a stunning display.
  • Just about anything can be used as a container for your garden.
  • Planting evergreens with annuals.
  • Herbs

Herbs make for great plants for containers.


Some plants should ONLY be grown in containers, due to their invasive tendencies. Mint needs to be kept in a container, because it spreads easily via roots, seeds, and runners. Mint relatives, such as lemon balm and oregano can also easily become invasive, and may be best grown in containers.

 

Suggestions for an Herb Pot:

Select your herbs. When making an herb pot, it is essential to have a good variety of herbs and companion plants that will assist your culinary pursuits. Some good choices include:

Sweet Marjoram, Lemon Balm, Sage, Common Basil, Mint, thyme, Oregano, Hot Pepper

Planting theme containers are a fun idea: For example if Italian Food is your preference, try planting Chives, Oregano and Sweet Basil.

Herbs that go well with Potatoes such as dill, Chives, Rosemary and Parsley.

A Salsa garden is always a fun and creative container to plant, peppers, onions, garlic and cilantro.

All these items can be planted in the same container.

Suggestions of plants that work well together and some to avoid:

Good Companions:

  • Beans, carrots, squash
  • Eggplant, beans
  • Tomatoes, basil, onions
  • Lettuce, herbs
  • Spinach, chard, onions

 

Combinations to Avoid

 

  • Beans with onions and garlic
  • Carrots with dill or fennel
  • Tomatoes or squash with potatoes
  • Onions with beans and peas

 

For the most part, pots that are bigger are better especially for plants like tomatoes. Some vegetables need more depth than width to grow. Keep that in mind when choosing containers to plant vegetables such as carrots or radishes.

Pots made out of clay dry out faster than pots made of plastic or wood so watering will be more frequent.

You don’t need much to get started with container gardening, but there are a few essentials that will give you a better chance of success:

 

Keep in mind when starting to put together a container garden.

 

Soil – Good soil is essential for all container-grown plants. Fill the container with quality potting soil up to an inch from the rim – any more soil will wash out when you water. Expect some settling of soil over time.

Water – More frequent watering is necessary for container plants. Water when the soil feels dry to the touch. Continue watering until liquid runs from the bottom of the container. In the hot days of summer, containers may require daily watering. If you are combining plant varieties in a container, make sure the moisture requirements are the same.

Food – Use diluted plant food. Because water drains out more quickly, so will the fertilizer. You may fertilize your container garden with either a slow-release fertilizer or a water-soluble, quick release fertilizer such as 20-20-20.

Light – Provide light requirements as dictated by the variety. If you are combining plant varieties in a container, make sure the light requirements are the same. Remember to turn the containers occasionally to maximize light exposure on all sides.

Planting – Space vegetable, herb, and flower transplants about 1/3 closer than in the garden. This guarantees a full container with a great appearance. A tree or shrub root ball should be only slightly smaller than the container. Repot as needed when growth dictates. It’s a good idea to repot every 3-4 years to replace soil which has experienced salt build-up.

Temperature – Container plants require extra care to prevent overheating or freezing. Either can cause drying out.

Grooming – Prune, deadhead and pinch back as needed. Check container plants often to keep hem from getting leggy. Watch for disease and pests. Remove dead foliage and flowers to prevent fungal diseases. Because container plants are closer together, the opportunity for disease is greater.

 

Steps in preparing a container garden

 

Prepare the pot.

Make sure that your pot has holes in the bottom for good drainage.

Take your gravel or grit, and pour this into the container to about a quarter of the pot’s depth.

Fill. Once the gravel is in place, start to fill the pot with a multi-purpose, or soil-based compost. This should fill approximately three quarters of the pot’s remaining depth.Place the herb plants into the pot, with

about 15cm between each stem. Squeeze each herb gently from its temporary pot, and tease the roots from the root ball; this will encourage them to spread out.

Place the taller plants in the center of the display and the trailing ones near the edge. This will help to ensure the best growth. The display may look messy at first but will fill out and look lush within a few weeks

Fill in around the planted herbs. Once you are happy with the positions, start to fill the gaps between the plants with compost.

Firmly, push the compost into the gaps by pushing your fingers deep into the soil that you has just added, being careful not to damage any roots.

Fertilize Obtain a controlled release fertilizer.

 

WaterWater thoroughly, until the water starts to drain out of the bottom of the pot. The compost needs to absorb a lot on first watering, Continue to water over the coming months, at least every few days, or when the soil seems dry. Herbs like to dry out betweenwater.