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Vertical Gardening – Terrain Design Style

Vertical Gardening – Terrain Design Style

   Would you like a dramatic look in a small space? No matter how small your property is you can develop a Green Thumb by building a Vertical Garden. Vertical gardening is the way to go.If you have a blank wall or an area that you feel needs that little something tries growing a vertical garden. You can grow annuals, perennials or even edibles.Vertical gardening is one of the newest gardening trends. Using this type of gardening, it can draw attention to or disguise areas that you would like to. Vertical gardens can be as simple or as elaborate as you would like. Reasons for growing a Vertical Garden:

  • Save space: You can grow and harvest many other vegetables in the space that would otherwise be lost.
  • Easier to Harvest: Many of the vegetables will be easier to reach when harvesting.
  • Better Air Circulation around Plants: Provides ideal growing conditions for healthy plants. 
  • Keeps Vegetables off the Ground: Prevents mold, soil-borne disease, crawling insects or pests from reaching leaves or fruit.

 

   Below you will find some ideas of vertical gardens from simple to more elaborate. You are only limited by your imagination.

 
  • Simple Trellis Simple Trellis
  • Wall Using Plastic Bottles Wall Using Plastic Bottles Planted with a variety of herbs, such as chives, oregano, rosemary and parsley
  • Wire On A wooden Frame Wire On A wooden Frame Perfect way to grow squash/zucchini, cucumbers, peas or even pole beans
  • Pallet Mounted On A Fence Pallet Mounted On A Fence For example potted pansies and petunias

   Arbors and trellises are great structures for vertical gardening. You can use vertical gardens as privacy screens in small spaces. You are really only limited by your creativity and imagination as far as items that can be used, but keep in mind the type of plants that you are using, the heavier ones will need to have a sturdier base. A post in the ground, wrought iron gate, anything that adds height can be used for plants to grow on. Vegetables and fruits that are easily grown in a vertical garden are:

  • Pole Climbing Beans
  • Cucumbers
  • Grapes
  • Cherry Tomatoes
  • Peas
  • Strawberries are also an excellent choice for vertical gardening.

 

 

Just remember to keep in mind you may need heavier structures depending on what you are growing. When planting a vegetable garden keep in mind that they need at least 4 hours of sunlight a day.

Plant herbs such as oregano and thyme towards the top and use the lower spaces for vegetables such as lettuce or tomatoes.

Flowers are another really wonderful thing to grow vertically, they turn an ordinary wall

In to a living wall and can also work well as privacy screens.

Suggestions for this type of growing are:

 

  • Trumpet Honeysuckle
  • Cross vine
  • Wisteria
  • Lady Banks Roses

 

 Coverd Arbor

Arbor covered in floral blooms make a perfect entrance for a garden

Pick a good spot. A vertical garden, like any other type of garden, needs to be planted in an area with good soil drainage and the right combination of shade and sunlight. Figure out what conditions the plants you’re growing need to thrive, and then choose a suitable area in your yard or on your patio.

  • Most vertical gardens do well with a lot of sunlight.

  • Pick a spot close to a wall if you want your garden to eventually climb the walls of your house.

Stabilize structure  If you’re using a trellis, a stake or a pole, be sure to bury it deep in the ground so that it doesn’t wobble or fall over. Remember that the garden will get heavier as it grows, and it will need a solid foundation that can stand up to wind and rain.

Plant around the Base of the structure. Taking into account the individual needs of the plants you are using, plant seeds or seedlings in holes spaced around the base of the trellis, pole or other structure you are using. Make sure they aren’t too close to each other or the structure so that they’ll have room to root and grow.

Care for your plants according to their needs. Make sure they get adequate water and that you fertilize them, protect them with mulch, and take other measure they need to grow healthy.
Train the plants When the seedlings get a few inches high, it’s time to train them to wrap around the structure you erected. Gently wrap the stems of the plants around the base of the structure, taking care not to bend or break them. Use ties to hold the stems in place as they grow.

  • Don’t tie the stems too tightly. This prevents them from growing properly and may actually damage the plant.

  • As the stems begin to grow and wind around the structure, continue using ties to train them to grow in the direction you want them to grow.

Gravity Fed Irrigation System

One of the most common ways to irrigate a vertical garden is by the use of a gravity fed drip irrigation system.  This is where a conventional drip irrigation system is installed at the top of the vertical garden.  Water is released and it drips onto the top row of plants.  As these plants are sufficiently watered, the water continues down through the effect of gravity, until the entire garden is watered.  The excess water is collected at the bottom of the garden and is drained away. Alternatively, a pump can be installed to recycle the water.

Comprehensive Drip Irrigation System

If your plants require a lot of water regularly, you may want to install something a bit more comprehensive than a standard gravity fed drip irrigation system.  In this case, you can choose to install drip irrigation lines on ever y row of your vertical garden, ensuring that each and every plant gets plenty of water.  As with gravity fed drip irrigation, the excess water is caught at the bottom of the garden using a tray that drains it away or allows it to be recycled.

Hosta

Hosta

Want to brighten up a shady spot? Think about planting a Hosta. Besides the wonderful
foliage, many Hostas produce fragrant flowers from early summer to fall. Hosta can be planted in early spring. A Hosta can bloom anytime between June to October. The blooms can be funnel or bell shaped and the flowers are purple, white or white with a fine lavender stripe.Hosta

   Hostas are known for their attractive foliage. Their foliage colors include green, blue, white, gold and countless variegated combinations. With this range of colors you will find a Hosta for almost every landscape situation from containers to background planting. Hostas are plants that have much success even for the beginner gardener. There are many varieties of Hostas. Below are a few examples of the different types that are available. Once a Hosta is planted it requires very little attention. Just finding the right location is crucial for the success of growing a Hosta. Hostas are adaptable and a hardy plant and are great choices for container planting. Hostas come in all sizes with the miniature measuring only a few inches across, while the largest ones can measure 6 to 8 feet across.
 
  • Minature Minature Baby Booties
  • Minature Minature Blue Mouse Ears
  • Blue Foliage Blue Foliage Artic Blast
  • Blue Foliage Blue Foliage Azure Waves
  • Gold Foliage Gold Foliage Beet Salad
  • Gold Foliage Gold Foliage Cheatin Heart
  • Fragrant Hosta Fragrant Hosta Austin Dickinson
  • Fragrant Hosta Fragrant Hosta Blue Flame

     
   Hostas are shade tolerant, not shade loving. They will survive in full shade but do best in areas where they receive morning sun and are shaded during the hot afternoon. Till the soil to loosen it to a depth of 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 cm). Amend the soil with compost, humus or sand if needed. Hostas prefer loose, well-drained soil. Varieties of Hostas that grow fast produce shorter plants. These have a wide-spreading shallow root network and work well as ground cover. Place these plants closer together and allow them to fill in and prevent weed growth.
Varieties that grow at least 12 inches tall (30 cm) and have more horizontal than vertical growth can be spaced closer together and used as border or edging plants. These types of Hostas are also commonly used around the base of trees. After Hosta plants are established, they don’t need much weeding. Use cocoa mulch or pine straw to mulch around Hostas. These products have the added benefit of also repelling slugs, the biggest pest problem that affects Hostas. Avoid using shredded leaves or other plant matter as mulch, because those products attract slugs.
Keep the layer of mulch to 2 inches (5 cm) thick or less. Over-mulching around Hostas encourages voles (field mice) that tunnel through the mulch and eat the Hosta leaves.
These large-leaved plants have a high water transpiration rate, so they require plenty of water. Although they can withstand drought, Hostas do best if given 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 cm) of water weekly. For best results water the plants every 2 to 4 days.

Dividing a Hosta

You can divide Hostas at any time; but if you live in an area with harsh winters, it is best to divide and transplant your Hostas in the spring so they are well established before the first frost.
Dig the Hosta plant out of the ground and lay it on the surface of the soil.
Use a sharp shovel or knife to cut the plant into 2 or 3 pieces. Make sure there is at least one stem growth point (or eye) on each new plant.
Put one piece of the plant back in the original hole and transplant the other pieces to new spots.
Hostas can be paired with a variety of other plants for an exceptional look in your garden.
When planting a Hosta think about using perennials such as snow drops, tulips and daffodils. Annuals that work well with Hostas are Impatiens, Begonias and Coleus. Even fern such as Maidenhair and Japanese Painted Fern, work well in the same area. Using these suggestions you will be creating a beautiful look in your garden.

 
  • Hostas Outdoors Hostas Outdoors Planted with daffodils
  • Hostas Outdoors Hostas Outdoors Planted containers
  • Hostas Outdoors Hostas Outdoors Planted containers
  • Hostas Outdoors Hostas Outdoors Placed in a row to create an attractive look for your yard

     
   Not only do Hosta plants make for a wonderfully attractive garden outside, cut they can be used to decorate vases as you can see in the photo below, also added to floral arrangements or just an arrangement made of only Hosta leaves is simple but stunning.
 
  • Hosta in arrangements Hosta in arrangements Leaves inside a vase
  • Hosta in arrangements Hosta in arrangements Simple arrangement with Hosta leaves
  • Hosta in arrangements Hosta in arrangements Using Hosta leaves in floral arrangement

     
   Wherever you decide to plant your Hosta in a bare spot that just needs that extra something, in a shady spot, or even in a container that would make a wonderful accent to a shady patio or porch. Their lush greenery will add a feeling of serenity to your yard.